Rules of the Road: Bicycle Laws in Ohio


Ohio cyclists are responsible to follow the same rules and regulations as motor vehicles, which includes yielding to pedestrians, using lights between sunset and sunrise, and obeying all traffic signs and signals (ORC 4511.55). However, there are additional rules that apply to cyclists when riding on public roadways:

  • Cyclists must ride as close to the curb as possible exercising reasonable care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction.
  • Cyclists shall not ride more than two abreast in a single lane, except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for their exclusive use.

The rule requiring cyclists to ride at the edge of the roadway does not apply when it is unreasonable or unsafe to do so. Some examples of when a rider may have to move away from the edge of the roadway include when necessary:

  • To avoid fixed or moving objects
  • To avoid parked or moving vehicles
  • To avoid surface hazards
  • If the lane is too narrow for the bicycle and an overtaking vehicle to travel safely side by side within the same lane.

Mountain Bikes

If you are riding trails instead of public roadways, there are no specific laws that apply, but there are trail-specific guidelines to follow:

  • Plan ahead –carry necessary supplies for changes in the weather, and know your equipment, your ability, and the area in which you will be riding.
  • Yield appropriately – bicyclists should yield to other non-motorized trail users. Bicyclists traveling downhill should always yield to those heading uphill unless the trail is clearly signed for one-way or downhill-only traffic.
  • Respect trail and road closures – do not trespass on private land, and obtain permits as required.
  • Leave no trace – stay on existing trails and do not create new ones. Don’t cut switchbacks, and do not leave any trash of any kind on the trail.
  • Control your bicycle – obey speed regulations and recommendations and ride within your limits.
  • Respect wildlife – give animals enough room and time to adjust to you and avoid sudden movements and loud noises.


Electric bicycles also known as e-bikes are becoming more and more popular in Ohio. E-bikes attract bicyclists of all ages and abilities because they have a rechargeable motor to assist riders on hills or other obstacles allowing riders to conserve energy, extend range, and equalize riders of different abilities.

E-bikes were previously classified similarly to motor vehicles in Ohio, preventing riders from using them on shared use paths or bicycle facilities that prohibit motorized vehicles. However, Ohio passed a new e-bike law House Bill 250 that went into effect on March 8, 2019. E-bikes are now regulated like non-electric bicycles rather than vehicles.

Ohio’s new law defines three classes of e-bikes according to the type of electric assistance and top speed. All classes are limited to an electric motor of 750 watts or less. The new law also defines where different e-bike classes may be used. Like bicycles, all classes can operate on any road except for a freeway. E-bikes cannot be used on natural surface trails intended for mountain biking, hiking or equestrian use. Additionally, local jurisdictions can further restrict or permit the e-bikes on any trails under their authority so it is important to check the local laws and codes.

Keep in mind that e-bike users are required to follow all traffic and equipment laws that apply to bicycles, like using lights and reflectors.

Class one (pedal assist) and class two (throttle assist) e-bikes travel up to 20 mph and are permitted on bicycle only and shared use paths. Only class three e-bikes, which are pedal assist bikes that go up to 28 mph, have special rules including:

  • They are prohibited from bicycle only and shared use paths
  • They require a speedometer
  • Riders must be 16 or older
  • Helmets are required
  • Speedometer is required

Bicycle Accidents

In most cases, it is illegal for cyclists to ride on the sidewalk and are expected to ride with traffic, not against it – so when driving a motor vehicle, please be courteous, share the road, and obey all traffic laws, signs, and signals. When passing a bicyclist, allow at least three feet of space between your car and the cyclist.

With so many motor vehicles and bicycles sharing the road, these laws strive to help bicyclists avoid motor vehicle collisions. Although Ohio may not currently have a law that requires bicyclists to wear helmets, it is the number one piece of safety advice we can provide to cyclists – please always wear a helmet, ride safely, and follow all Ohio rules and regulations.

If you have been injured in a bicycle accident, we suggest you take the following steps:

  1. Take photos of your bicycle, the vehicle, location of accident, and most importantly, any injuries you have sustained
  2. Get the contact information of the motor vehicle driver, including name, phone number, and auto insurance
  3. Call the police
  4. Seek medical attention as needed
  5. Call us at 419-LAW-2020 for a free consultation to discuss how we can help you recover compensation for your injuries

If you find yourself a victim of a bicycle accident, call a bicycle accident attorney to get the compensation and justice that you deserve. Here at Rinehardt Injury Attorneys, we have a team of experienced bike accident lawyers ready to help you! Give as a call or schedule a free consultation with one of our expert personal injury attorneys in Ohio today!


Statistics Don’t Lie: Bicycle Helmets Save Lives and Reduce Injuries


mom putting bicycle helmet on kid

Most serious cyclists choose to wear a bike helmet, but many recreational riders think it isn’t necessary if they are just going out for a short ride at a leisurely pace. Before you decide to risk riding without a helmet, remember that helmets are made to do one thing—protect you from head injury, and most importantly, prevent a potentially fatal one. Let’s consider the statistics.

What the Statistics Tell Us

    • Researchers at the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [1]
      (NHTSA)found that helmets reduced the likelihood of serious head injury by 60 percent. Additionally, in cases where it was known whether cyclists were wearing helmets, 79 percent of those who were fatally injured between 2010 and 2017 were not wearing them.
    • The NHTSA also said in a 2018 report [2], that 857 cyclists were killed in traffic crashes in 2017. This is the highest number of fatalities since 1990. Cycling trips account for one percent of all trips made in the U.S. each year, and nearly two percent of all traffic fatalities.
    • Cyclists who sustained a head injury while riding without wearing a helmet are three times more likely [3] to die than those who are injured while wearing a helmet. Bicycle helmets also prevent serious brain injury in 88% of serious crashes [4].
    • A February 2017 analysis [7] in the International Journal of Epidemiology reviewed 40 separate studies and found helmet use significantly reduced the odds of head injury. They also found the odds of a fatal head injury to be lower when cyclists wore a helmet.
    • Unfortunately, the risk of concussion is very real for cyclists. In 2013 the New York Times reported [5] that cycling had the highest concussion rate among all sports, including football. Sometimes the effects of a concussion can last for months or even years. Many times, they are permanent.

Given the Statistics, Why Doesn’t Everyone Wear a Helmet?

Despite these shocking statistics, less than half of all bicycle riders wear helmets. Because teens tend to think they are invincible, the percentage of teens who wear a helmet is significantly less than half.

dad and son wearing helmets

Riders give many reasons for not wearing helmets.
These include the belief that helmets are uncomfortable,
not socially acceptable[6], or are unnecessary because they are skilled riders.More education is needed so people are aware of the statistics.In addition, laws requiring bicycle riders to wear a helmet would reduce the number of head injuries and fatalities
Wearing a bicycle helmet is always a good idea no matter what the law has to say, but bicycle helmet laws might also have an impact on an injury claim after a bicycle-car accident[8].

What Does the Law Say?

No U.S. state currently requires helmets for adult cyclists, but just under half of the states require the use of bike helmets by riders under a certain age
bicycle helmets

Ohio has no mandatory bicycle helmet laws However, some cities and townships may have their own ordinances written into their municipal codes. Dayton, for instance, requires all cyclists to wear helmets and to equip their bike with a bell that is audible for up to 100 feet.

Just because the law doesn’t require it, doesn’t mean you shouldn’t. Being aware of the statistics is key. We hope you will choose to wear a helmet and encourage and educate your friends and family to wear one too. A helmet can be the difference between life, severe injury, and death if you are in a bicycle accident. If you find yourself a victim a bicycle accident in Ohio, be sure to have an experienced bike accident attorney on your side! Here at Rinehardt Injury Attorneys, we have a team of dedicated bicycle accident lawyers ready and willing to fight for the compensation and justice you deserve! Call us or schedule a free consultation with one of our expert bike accident lawyers in Ohio today!


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